This post is here to tell you a couple of items that are not essential to the farming process they will help your farm a lot. These can be used elsewhere but for today I am just going to stick with the farming aspect.
This is handy tool that is not seen very often but is very useful. if you left click on a animal (or monster but I don’t suggest it because then they will attack you) while holding a lead, and then they have to stay with you within 10 blocks. To make a leash you put a slime ball in the middle middle and string in top left and middle, middle left, and bottom right.
This is helpful with animals because they are 1 and 1/2 blocks tall making them tall enough to hold in animals but low enough to be able to see in. You can also Leash them (see above) and anchor the leash to a fence piece so that the animals will have to stay there. Sometimes I make a fence around my outside crops then you won’t have any monsters in your water source come morning believe me it isn’t pleasant. To make a fence put planks in the middle left and right and in the bottom left and right and sticks in the middle and bottom middle.
This is in tow with the fence because it is the only thing that is 1 and 1/2 block other than the fence. The main reason that you would use a fence as the entrance to an enclosure made of fence. Though you can also put 2 on top of each other instead of a door and then they will appear to be only 1 block high which always feels weird. To make a gate put sticks in the middle left and right and in the bottom left and right and planks in the middle and bottom middle.
I hope that you might have use of these items on your Minecraft farm.